A couple of months ago, my son-in-law came over with a scruffy and tattered old book in his hand. “Hey Steve,” he said, “I found this book at a garage sale and thought you might like it. It looks sort of like The Small Business Bible of its day!”

The book, published over a hundred years ago in 1904, is called The Business Guide or Safe Methods of Business. It is a thorough and comprehensive overview of business, that’s for sure, covering everything from “Business manners,” “How to obtain wealth,” and even “Penmanship” to “How to find a mine,” something called “Methods of Computation and Business Reckoning Tables” and  . . . “How stock is watered.”

Some things never change.

Indeed, while there is a lot in the old book that is, of course, out of date, what I found most interesting is how much of it was still surprisingly relevant. Consider the very first paragraph in the book:

Business, in every age of the world, has been the chief pioneer in the march of man’s civilization. Blessings everywhere follow its advancing footsteps.

If that is not as true today – when free enterprise and small business has swept the globe from Russia to China to India – I don’t know what is.

But what really caught my eye was a section called Safe Principles and Rules:

1. Remember that time is gold.

2. True intelligence is always modest.

3. Don’t cultivate a sense of over-smartness.

4. A man of honor respects his word as he does his note.

5. Shun lawsuits, and never take money risks you can avoid.

6. Never forget a favor, for ingratitude is the basest trait of man’s mean character.

7. Remember that the rich are generally plain, while rogues dress well and talk smoothly.

8. Remember that steady, earnest effort alone leads to wealth and high position.

9. Never be afraid to say no. Every successful man must have the backbone to assert his rights.

10. To industry and economy add self-reliance. Do not take too much advice, think for yourself. Independence will add vigor and inspiration to your labors.

The book is really a fascinating analysis of 19th century mores and values. Again and again it makes the point that it is the content of your character that has more to do with your failure or success in life and business than your schooling or creativity or timing or most anything else. Consider this passage:

Failure, a Premonition of Success – We owe much of our happiness to our mistakes and yet it is true that happiness is never found in failure . . . The very greatest things – great thoughts, great discoveries and inventions have usually been nurtured in hardship, suffering and poverty, and have not become established before chill failure seemed to lay its icy hand upon the victim’s aching brow.”

And what of success? This timeless treatise has plenty to say about that too.

Do not wait for, nor dream of, talent not in your possession. Use the talent you have. God meant you to be a success. Hold your ground and push hard. Watch opportunities. Be rigidly honest.

If you delight to sit around smoking cigarettes and telling shady stories on street corners and lounging on counters, it is hardly necessary for you to learn how to write a check for the chances are a thousand to one that you will never have a bank account.

And finally, I can rest assured that my chronic need to use spellcheck is the one thing for which I do not have to take personal responsibility and for which I am not to be blamed:

It is the fault of the English language that we have so many bad spellers.

Wisdom if ever I heard it.

 

Today’s Tip: I recently wrote about the strides made by women in business and want to share a great book that just came out.  Even Par:  How Golf Helps Women Gain the Upper Hand in Business, written by Leslie Andrews, offers not only a strong argument for why women need to add golf to their business repertoire, but also concrete tips for dealing with the intimidation and fear of embarrassment that too often keep women “off course” in their careers. A quick and easy read full of good advice. Steve says check it out.

Got a question for Steve? Visit him at TheSelfEmployed and ask yours!

 

Steven D. Strauss is a lawyer and writer and is one of the country's leading experts on small business as well as an international business speaker. The best-selling author of 17 books, his latest is the all-new 3rd ed. of The Small Business Bible. You can listen to his weekly podcast, Small Business Success Powered by Greatland, visit his new website for the self-employed, TheSelfEmployed, follow him on Twitter, and "like" TheSelfEmployed on Facebook. You can e-mail Steve at: sstrauss@mrallbiz.com. © Steven D. Strauss