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Loan Assessment
July 29, 2021

Business Loans
From the Bank’s Viewpoint

If you’re considering borrowing money from a bank to start your business , it’s important to remember that the bank is a business too. Like you, banks need to assess their expected risk and potential return each time they enter into a transaction. The three key questions that a bank is particularly interested in are:

  • Is the borrower’s business performing as expected?
  • How much risk is there that the borrower will be unable to repay the loan?
  • How can the bank be protected?

This table shows some of the factors banks examine in deciding whether to make a loan.


Business assets at liquidation value: Furniture and Fixtures at 10%, Inventory at 40%, and Receivables at 40% of total value.

To determine where your business rates, circle the block in each column that best describes your situation, then look to the left to see how many points that position is “worth.” Add the number of points to determine your total. For example, if you circled the top block under each of the five headings, your score would be 25. If your score totals 21-25 you have a good chance of obtaining a bank loan; 17-20 points gives you a fair chance, and 13-16 points gives you a marginal chance. If you circled any of the bottom blocks (-20 points), you have little or no chance of obtaining a bank loan.

Note: Though several area banks confirmed that the system described above is a good example of how loan applications are examined, this should not be considered an absolute indicator of your ability to gain a loan. Each bank uses different criteria; it’s important for you to shop around and fully explore your options.

412 N Cedar Bluff Rd Ste 450,
Knoxville, TN 37923
(865) 692-0716

Copyright © 2023 SCORE Association,

Funded, in part, through a Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. Small Business Administration. All opinions, and/or recommendations expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the SBA.

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